What is Botulism?
Botulism is a heavy toxico-infectious disease characterized by nervous system disorders, developing when the human body is damaged by the substances containing in the structure botulinus toxin, produced by a sporogenous bacterium known as Clostridium botulinum.
Botulism develops at hit in a human body, waters or the food containing botulinum toxin, thus infection most often occurs through mucous membranes of the digestive tract, an oral cavity, and airways, and also through the injured skin.
Botulism at the moment remains as one of the most dangerous and serious diseases, even despite the fact that this disease is observed much less often than other poisonings and intestinal infections. But do not be afraid because botulism may be treated especially if you are a customer of our pharmacy. Make an order of the necessary preparations and get rid off this disorder.
For this time four main kinds of this disease distinguish:
- the food botulism developing at the use of products of a botulinus toxin.
- the wound botulism developing at the pollution of wound areas by the soil and dust containing a toxin.
- the botulism of children’s age arising in babies to 6 monthly age.
- the botulism of not specified nature.
Symptoms of botulism
Botulism is characterized by the following symptoms:
- nausea and vomiting;
- stomach pains;
- liquid stool.
Later the additional symptoms may appear. They are:
- the feeling of stomach strutting;
Besides, there is also a number of neuralgic symptoms characteristic for botulism, such as:
- muscular weakness;
- sight deterioration;
- dryness in the mouth.
Prevention and Treatment
Preventive measures against infection with botulism is the creation of the conditions interfering growth and reproduction dispute of bacteria and hit prevention infecting agent in food.
It is necessary to observe purity in places of preparation and storage of food as foodstuff is the ideal environment for bacterium reproduction known as Clostridium botulinum.
The main component in botulism treatment is the procedure of washing the stomach, anti-bacterial therapy or injection of antitoxic serum. First of all the treatment of botulism pursues the aims to stop the spreading of toxin and its excretion from the organism. There are different anti-bacterial preparations that can get the botulinus toxin away from the organism.