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- What is Ventolin?
- Generics of Ventolin
- Ventolin Dosage
- Ventolin Side Effects
- Ventolin Contraindications
- Ventolin Interactions with Other Drugs
- Ventolin Interaction with Alcohol
- Ventolin during Pregnancy
- Ventolin in case of Exercise-Induced Asthma
What is Ventolin?
Ventolin is medication for asthma attacks elimination and other reversible bronchial obstruction diseases. The main active ingredient of this drug is salbutamol.
The medicine affects beta 2-adrenergic receptors and thereby causes bronchiectasis in case of bronchospasm. The agent has insignificant influence on the beta1-adrenergic receptors.
Salbutamol prevents histamine other mediators (slow reacting substance) release from mast cells. 10-20% of the dose is absorbed into the blood flow, which enters liver and is converted into simple compounds which are excreted by kidneys. Rest of the dose enters digestive system, and also absorbed from the intestine into the blood.
Ventolin effect lasts 4 – 6 hours. See more interesting details about Ventolin inhaler…
Generics of Ventolin
Ventolin generics names are diverse:
- Ventolin Expectorant.
All of these drugs have no different from original when comparing Brand vs Generic. There is the only slight difference in additional components. All these generics have undergone all clinical trials and met quality standards. More about Ventolin generics…
Ventolin inhaler is prescribed for adults to eliminate asthma and bronchospasm attack in the dosage of 100-200 mcg once.
For prophylactic treatment, a daily dose – 200 mg 3-4 times; before exercise or contact with an allergen – 200 g 15 min before exposure to factor.
The recommended dose for children:
- 1-2 mg for children aging 2 and 6 years old;
- 2 mg for children aging 6 to 12 years;
- 2-4 mg at the age of 12 years.
- prevention dosage – 100-200 mg three times a day.
- Do not use the drug more than 4 times a day.
For elderly, the dose is 2 mg three times a day. Ventolin for inhalation: For adults, the dose is 2.5 mg (up to 5 mg), nebulizer use – up to 4 times per day. For children dose of 2.5 mg, is applied up to 4 times a day.
Ventolin overdose symptoms:
- peripheral vascular disease expansion;
- nausea and vomiting;
- ventricular flutter;
- lowering blood pressure indicators;
- muscle tremors;
- a headache;
- successive hypoglycemia hyperglycemia.
Treatment involves the drug withdrawal, a patient is prescribed cardioselective β-blockers and symptomatic therapy.
If there is suspicion of salbutamol overdose, it is necessary to keep under constant control serum potassium concentration. Read more about Ventolin dosage and administration…
Ventolin instructions for use contain the following side effects:
- light hand tremor;
- a headache;
- excitement and hyperactivity in children;
- vasodilation and heart rate increase;
- heart rhythm disturbances;
- paradoxical bronchospasm;
- allergic reactions (hypotension, angioneurotic edema, bronchospasm).
Ventolin is contraindicated in the following cases:
- hypersensitivity to the drug components;
- pregnancy, which occurs with complications.
Apply the inhaler with caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding, because there is no data about its safety for infants. Read more Ventolin contraindications…
Interactions with Other Drugs
When using Ventolin in combination with non-cardioselective β-blockers it is possible to achieve mutual inhibition of therapeutic effects. salbutamol combination with theophylline may increase arrhythmia and tachycardia risk (particularly supraventricular extrasystole).
In combination with diuretics, glucocorticosteroid drugs and xanthine derivatives increase hypokalemia risk. All the details about Ventolin interactions with other drugs…
Ventolin with Alcohol
Ventolin and alcohol simultaneous consumption may provoke the following side effects:
- adrenoceptive effects may be intensified due to the release of adrenaline from adrenal medulla;
- increased urination, provoked by alcohol, can reduce the medicinal effect.
Ventolin during Pregnancy
This medication is prescribed during pregnancy and lactation only in cases when expected benefit of therapy to mother outweighs the potential risk to fetus or infant.
During post-marketing surveillance, rare cases of various congenital malformations in children, including the formation of “cleft palate” and limb malformations were revealed while taking salbutamol during pregnancy. In some of these cases, women are taking multiple concomitant medications during pregnancy. The causal relationship to drug intake has not been established.
Salbutamol may penetrate into breast milk. The finding, whether salbutamol has a harmful effect on the newborn when breastfeeding, is not established. More details about Ventolin during pregnancy…
Ventolin for Exercise-Induced Asthma
In case of exercise-induced asthma, Ventolin inhaler can help relieve attack. Exercise-induced asthma occurs as consequence of body overloading during a physical workout. The use of this remedy is reasonable since this short-term medication has a direct effect asthma attack arrest. The sooner you apply the inhaler, the sooner you will feel better.
Read more about exercise-induced asthma to determine exactly what you need to prevent or overcome asthma attack during physical loading.